Climate Change Industry Segments

Nine business segments currently comprise the Climate Change Business Journal® definition of the Climate Change Industry.

CCBJ Climate Change Industry Segments:
1. Low Carbon Power & Renewable Power Renewable /conventional equipment & power sales; project design & development
2. Carbon Capture & Storage (CCS) Systems, equipment
3. Energy Storage: Equipment & Systems Equipment & systems (batteries, hydrogen, etc.)
4. Energy Efficiency and Demand Response Systems, equipment & appliances; audits & studies
5. Green Buildings Design & development; building materials
6. Transportation Vehicles, fuels & systems
7. Carbon Markets: Trading & Projects Credit & offset trading; project development, verification and registration
8. Climate Change Adaptation Risk assessment, planning, engineering & construction
9. Consulting & Research Consulting & Engineering, Climate Science


SOURCE: Climate Change Business Journal. © 2009 Environmental Business International, Inc. (EBI). May not be reproduced without written permission from EBI, San Diego, California.


Please express your opinion on CCBJ's definition of the climate change industry.


1. Low-Carbon & Renewable Power

Renewable or Clean Energy Systems, Equipment & Power Sales

  • Solar power: photovoltaic, concentrated solar, solar thermal, etc.
  • Wind power
  • Biomass, biogas
  • Hydro power, mini-hydros
  • Geothermal
  • Wave & tidal
  • Microturbines
  • Fuel cells

Low Carbon Conventional Energy

  • Waste-to-energy, landfill gas
  • Nuclear power
  • Coal, gas or IGCC with carbon capture/storage

2. Carbon Capture & Storage (CCS)

  • Technology development, design and construction, operation and maintenance
  • Carbon capture technology and systems
  • Pipelines and other CO2 transport infrastructure and services
  • Geological storage, enhanced oil and gas recovery
  • Other storage: oceans, mineral carbonation

3. Energy Storage: Equipment & Systems

  • Chemical: hydrogen, etc.
  • Electrochemical: batteries
  • Electrical: capacitor, superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES)
  • Mechanical: flywheels, compressed air energy storage (CAES), pumped air and water
  • Thermal: molten salt, solar ponds, cryogenic liquid air or nitrogen. seasonal thermal

4. Energy Efficiency and Demand Response

Energy Efficiency Services

  • Energy audits, feasibility studies and related technical services
  • Project development, measuring and verification
  • Design and construction of energy retrofits
  • Consumer/user education

Energy Efficiency Equipment/Supply

  • Lighting
  • Building materials, insulation
  • Machinery and motors
  • Appliances: residential and commercial
  • Co-generation systems; on-site power reuse

Demand Response & Smart Grid Systems and Services

  • Smart transmission, smart grid systems
  • Metering, monitoring and control devices
  • Demand response: usage reduction at peak

5. Green Buildings

  • Green building design
  • Green building construction & contracting
  • Green development
  • Green building materials
  • Energy efficiency devices: power and heat
  • Water conservation & reuse devices
  • Smart building systems

6. Transportation

Transportation Vehicles

  • Low-carbon vehicles: hybrid, electric, fuel-efficient internal-combustion vehicles
  • Electrified transport (plug-in hybrids)
  • Vehicle motors, parts, components systems

Transportation Fuels

  • Grain biofuels
  • Non-grain biofuels
  • Hydrogen fuels (from nuclear or renewables)
  • Other low-carbon fuels

Transportation Systems

  • Urban design/land use
  • Public transportation
  • Telecommuting & carpooling
  • Traffic engineering
  • Non-motorized transport

7. Carbon Markets; Trading & Projects

  • The voluntary market: carbon offsets
  • The regulatory market: carbon emission credits
  • Carbon credit & offset trading: brokering, banking, futures
  • Project development: CDM & JI, forestry, agriculture, landfill gas, renewable energy, low-carbon
  • Energy, etc.
  • Project verification services & registries

8. Climate Change Adaptation

  • Coastal building and reconstruction; walls, breaks, etc.
  • Emergency response & preparedness systems
  • Agricultural and natural resource adaptive management
  • Water resource planning
  • Utility/other infrastructure planning
  • Relocation; population transfer & redevelopment

9. Consulting & Research

  • Consulting & engineering: emission inventories, studies, efficiency, renewables, other power systems
  • Climate science & studies: government, academic, non-profit, corporate, etc.
  • Research and development
  • Project finance


SOURCE: Climate Change Business Journal. © 2010 Environmental Business International, Inc. (EBI). May not be reproduced without written permission from EBI, San Diego, California.

For quantification purposes, EBI uses the following subcategories:

Wind Turbines
Windpower Electricity Sales
Wind Consulting & Engineering
Wind Construction
Wind Operation & Maintenance
Wave & Tidal Systems
Wave & Tidal Electricity Sales
Photovoltaic Systems Manufacturing
Concentrated Solar Power Systems
Solar Thermal Systems
PV Electricity Value
CSP Electricity Value
ST Power Value
Solar Planning, Design & Installation
Biomass Electricity
Specialty  Services: Biomass: Wood & Waste
Specialty  Services: Landfill Gas
Geothermal Electricity Sales
Geothermal Equipment Sales
Geothermal Services
Specialty  Services: Nuclear, Hydroelectric, CHP
Electricity Sales: Combined Heat and Power
Electricity Sales: Nuclear
Electricity Sales: Hydroelectric
Carbon Capture & Storage (CCS)
Energy Efficiency Appliances, Devices & Equipment
Energy Efficiency Services (ESCO, ESP, C&E)
Smartgrid/DR equipment & systems
Demand Response Services
Energy Storage
Utility Energy Storage Market
Fuel Cells
Green Building Design and CM/PM
Green Building Materials
Green Building Construction
Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs)
Other Alternative Fuel Vehicles (AFVs: CNG/LNG: Cars, Trucks, Buses)
Electric Vehicles (EV)
Flex Fuel Vehicles (FFVs)
Biofuels (ethanol, biodiesel)
Alternative Fuels (CNG, LNG)
Transportation Planning & Engineering
Public Transit
Carbon Market
Adaptation Services
Climate Change Consulting: Core Services


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